March 13, 2015
With the US dollar trading close to a 12-year high, over-leveraged Emerging Market currencies look very vulnerable. This is because Emerging Market financial assets (read debt levels) have approximately doubled since 2008. Asian countries in particular have pilled foreign debt at an accelerating pace with the year-on-year debt growth for the Asian block now reaching 35%.
From the perspective of an Asian investor, leverage makes sense. Borrowing large amounts of money in a depreciating currency means less capital to pay back at maturity. And low interest rates (US rates have been close to zero for 6 years) make for negligible interest payments. Asian countries have gorged on this bonanza and the jury is out as to whether this is going to result in a painful indigestion.
The moment of truth might be near. The US dollar is powering ahead as the US Federal Reserve (the “Fed”) has indicated that its next monetary policy move will be restrictive, not accommodative. The Fed is remarkably lonely here as 9 countries have lowered their main interest rate since the beginning of the year already. Yesterday again, the Korean Central Bank reduced its key rate to a historical low of 1.75% and the Chinese are considering a similar move. With comparatively fewer dollars and more of other currencies in the system, the value of the greenback has to go up. This is exactly what is happening, and this is happening quick- the USD trades 10% higher than at the end of 2014.
At MONOGRAM we are staying away from Emerging Market stocks, since a forced de-leveraging caused by a strong dollar will certainly translate into substantial downside in domestic equities. But should the going get tough, these assets will probably trade low enough to present a bargain. Until then, we prefer the safety of the US market.
MONOGRAM CAPITAL MANAGEMENT